Periodontal disease is a progressive condition which leads to severe inflammation and tooth loss if left untreated. Antibiotic treatments can be used in combination with scaling and root planning, curettage, surgery or as a stand-alone treatment to help reduce bacteria before and/or after many common periodontal procedures.
Antibiotic treatments for periodontal disease come in two different types; oral forms and topical forms which are applied directly into the gum pockets. The biggest advantage of the direct delivery of antibiotics to the gums is that high concentrations of antibiotics are delivered directly to the problem area and the whole body is not affected. Research has shown that in the case of acute periodontal infection, refractory periodontal disease, prepubertal periodontal disease and juvenile periodontal disease, antibiotic treatments have been incredibly effective. Antibiotic treatments have shown limited effectiveness in the treatment chronic periodontitis.
Antibiotics can be prescribed at a low dose for longer term use, or as a short term medication to deter bacteria from re-colonizing.
If you have any questions about periodontal disease or antibiotic treatments, please ask your dentist.